An Application object represents a single application Shipper can manage on a user’s behalf. In this case, the term “application” means ‘a collection of Kubernetes objects installed by a single Helm chart’.

Application objects are a user interface, and are the primary way that application developers trigger new rollouts.

This is accomplished by editing an Application’s .spec.template field. The template field is a mold that Shipper will use to stamp out a new Release object on each edit. This model is identical to to Kubernetes Deployment objects and their .spec.template field, which serves as a mold for ReplicaSet objects (and by extension, Pod objects).

The .spec.template field will be copied to a new Release object under the .spec.environment field during deployment.


Application example
kind: Application
  name: reviews-api
  revisionHistoryLimit: 1
      name: reviews-api
      version: 0.0.1
      - gpu
      - high-memory-nodes
      - name: us-east1
      - name: staging
          incumbent: 100
          contender: 1
          incumbent: 100
          contender: 0
      - name: canary
          incumbent: 10
          contender: 90
          incumbent: 10
          contender: 90
      - name: full on
          incumbent: 0
          contender: 100
          incumbent: 0
          contender: 100
      replicaCount: 2



revisionHistoryLimit is an optional field that represents the number of associated Release objects in .status.history.

If you’re using Shipper to configure development environments, revisionHistoryLimit can be a small value, like 1. In a production setting it should be set to a larger number, like 10 or 20. This ensures that you have plenty of rollback targets to choose from if something goes wrong.


The .spec.template is the only required field of the .spec.

The .spec.template is a Release template. It has the same schema as the .spec.environment in a Release object.



history is the sequence of Releases that belong to this Application. This list is ordered by generation, old to new: the oldest Release is at the start of the list, and the most recent (the contender) at the bottom.


All conditions contain five fields: lastTransitionTime, status, type, reason, and message. Typically reason and message are omitted in the expected case, and populated in the error or unexpected case.

type: Aborting

This condition indicates whether an abort is currently in progress. An abort is when the latest Release (the contender) is deleted, triggering an automatic rollback to the incumbent.

Type Status Reason Description
Aborting True N/A The contender was deleted, triggering an abort. The Application .spec.template will be overwritten with the Release .spec.environment of the incumbent.
Aborting False N/A No abort is occurring.

type: ReleaseSynced

This condition indicates whether the contender Release reflects the current state of the Application .spec.template.

Type Status Reason Description
ReleaseSynced True N/A Everything is OK: Release .spec.environment and Application .spec.template are in sync.
ReleaseSynced False CreateReleaseFailed The API call to Kubernetes to create the Release object failed. Check message for the specific error.

type: RollingOut

This condition indicates whether a rollout is currently in progress. A rollout is in progress if the contender Release object has not yet achieved the final step in the rollout strategy.

Type Status Reason Description
RollingOut False N/A No rollout is in progress.
RollingOut True N/A A rollout is in progress. Check message for more details.

type: ValidHistory

This condition indicates whether the Releases listed in .status.history form a valid sequence.

Type Status Reason Description
ValidHistory True N/A Everything is OK. All Releases have a valid generation annotation.
ValidHistory False BrokenReleaseGeneration One of the Releases does not have a valid generation annotation. Check message for more details.
ValidHistory False BrokenApplicationObservedGeneration The Application has an invalid highestObservedGeneration annotation. check message for more details.